| Mon - Sat 07:30 - 19:00

What is K for Kidneys?

Normally people have no idea where are kidneys located or what they do for our bodies? Thanks to the new education system they have included the human body and various organs with what they do in a curriculum for standard 5.

Shape, Size, and location in our body

There are two kidneys in our body located below the rib cage left one slightly longer than the right one, 5 inches in length and 3 inches wide similar to that of a computer mouse. These kidneys remove toxins from our blood continuously at a rate of 180 liters in 24 hours and generate urine that gets collected in the bladder through the ureter connected to each of the kidneys. Urine is finally thrown out of our body through the urethra.

How useful are these kidneys to our body?

Kidneys not only clean our blood but maintain a balance of salt, minerals like calcium, potassium, phosphorus, sodium, and water in the blood. They keep our bones healthy, regulate our blood pressure, and create red blood cells.

How do kidneys work in our body?

Kidneys are specialized filters made up of millions of nephrons millions of them, each of these nephrons has glomerulus – blood vessels that filter urine from blood, and collect urine using filters known as tubules. Renal arteries bring blood into our kidneys for processing. EPO or erythropoietin are hormones found in our kidneys, that encourage the bone marrow to create red blood cells for blood (45% of red blood cells, 1% platelets and white blood cells,  and plasma remaining 55% constitute our blood) that carry oxygen across the body.

The kidney helps maintain a balance of sodium and water thereby blood pressure. Kidneys also maintain a balance of calcium and phosphorus, creating calcitriol hormones that trigger vitamin D that strengthens our bones. Kidneys help regulate raw materials like uric acid, blood pressure, abrasive ingredients used in oral medicines, excess water in body and removes salt in blood

How to keep our kidneys healthy?

Kidneys are highly complex filtering mechanisms for continuously keeping the blood pure and removing all toxins from it. Keeping kidneys healthy is tough unless regularly exercise, eat healthy food, keep blood sugar and blood pressure under permissible limits, refrain from smoking, and keep an appropriate fluid intake.

Symptoms or signs showing something wrong with our kidneys

We should immediately visit medical care specialist or doctor and inform if following symptoms occur

  • Frequent urination
  • Swelling at various body parts
  • Lower back pain around waist area
  • Itching on skin, dryness or rashes on skin
  • Fatigue and extreme weakness
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Nausea
  • Frequent hiccups
  • Amenorrhea – menstrual period stop abruptly
  • Morning vomiting
  • Feel drowsiness or confusion
  • Excessive thirst
  • Numbness in feet or hands

What problems kidney can have?

Children are born with damaged kidneys that cannot filter blood as expected, and acute kidney injury that suddenly reduces kidney functions – if untreated can be life-threatening. Chronic kidney disease can fail the kidney and require a kidney transplant (replacement with a healthy kidney through surgery) or dialysis (purifying blood using transfusion equipment). 

Children can face kidney issues due to birth defects, infection, hereditary, Nephrotic Syndrome, urine reflux, and trauma.

If you have diabetes or high blood pressure, you should take more precaution to protect your kidneys from damage

There are some abnormalities that can cause kidney malfunction such as

  • Polycystic disease inherited from childhood
  • On the shelf medicine for pain
  • Injury or trauma,
  • Glomerulonephritis,
  • kidney stones and infection
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus and scleroderma
  • reflux nephropathy